Pay & Expenses: Â£13590 per annum (including Â£1000 research expenses budget) and tuition fees for 3 years
The definition of social enterprise has occupied the thoughts of many researchers over the last decade. One question that remains unanswered is âWhat motivates certain individuals to come together to set-up and develop social enterprises?â Literature focused on reasons for action indicates that an internal reason to do something must have a rational connection to an individualâs desire or interest in order to motivate action towards ends (Joyce, 2001). However, moral reasons for action can be independent of an individualâs desires, interests and commitments, which suggest that moral reasons are external rather than internal. In order for individuals to be moral, two key elements are required: 1) attunement to othersâ emotions through empathy and 2) attunement to othersâ ends through joint attention and shared intentionality (Hourdequin, 2012).
Empathy allows us to be aware of the affective state of others without necessarily having a pre-determined internal desire, goal or commitment to alleviate that state. In other words, empathy is not in itself a desire, though it may trigger other-directed desires and provide a reason for action providing a motivational link to othersâ goals (Hourdequin, 2012). Shared intentionality emphasises the sharing of perceptions, intentions and goals and involves not just discerning otherâs goals but adopting them so that they become joint goals and consequently reasons to act. Empathy and shared intentionality are the basis for human motivational orientations in which otherâs ends count as reasons for us to act (Tomasello et al. 2005). This PhD will explore social entrepreneursâ motivations in order to develop a theoretical overview of what constitutes their reasons for action. It will test the extent to which âempathyâ and âshared intentionalityâ contribute to the set-up and development of social enterprises.
Applications are welcomed from national or international candidates with a first degree (first or upper second, or equivalent) or a Masterâs degree in a relevant subject. The applicant must have excellent oral and written English skills and have experience in conducting research, including research methods training. Additionally, relevant work experience in the third sector would be beneficial.
Deadline for applications:
The deadline for applications is August 31st 2013. Interviews will be held in the week commencing September 9th 2013.
A provisional start date would be agreed with the successful candidate after the interview process.
Informal enquiries should be made via email to Dr Fred Seddon at (firstname.lastname@example.org)
For an application form and further details, please go to the Apply link below
Please quote reference: UN13EMPATH