University of Portsmouth – Portsmouth Business School
Project Title: The Defamation of Companies: Free Speech, Public Protection and the Economic Consequences of False Statements upon the Value and Reputation of Companies
Application Deadline: Friday 19 April
Supervisors: Dr Damian Carney, Ms Lisa Wheeler
Applications are invited to a three-year PhD Studentship in Portsmouth Business School, starting 1 October 2013.
Defamation compensates injury to reputation through the spreading of false statements. The English common law has recognized that companies have a reputation to protect, and therefore standing to bring defamation claims. A false statement about a company such as claims about the safety of its product, its treatment of workers, or sourcing of goods, can have adverse impacts upon its share price, income and corporate image. Yet theorists have claimed that unlike individuals whose reputation is damaged, and who may seek defamation to protect their honour and dignity, corporate reputation is a property interest linked to such business concepts as âgoodwillâ and company value.
Calculating such damages is likely to result in more substantial award of damages than that associated with individuals, and this poses a major problem for groups and individuals who wish to hold companies to account for poor âcorporate practicesâ who may be deterred by companies using defamation SLAPP suits to stop criticism. Such suits undermine the freedom of speech of campaigners and has led to the adoption of anti-SLAPP suits in many US states, whilst in Australia the right of corporations to sue has been removed completely.
Concerns over anti-SLAPP suits and the deterrent effect of large damages awards in cases of corporate libel have been raised in regards to the recent debate on defamation reform in England. The current version Defamation Bill addresses this issue only through the new general requirement that requires all defamation claimants to prove the âpublication has caused or is likely to cause serious harm.â
The aim of this research is to evaluate whether corporations should have the right to sue, and if they are to do so how should damages, or âserious harmâ, be calculated, and can this be done in a manner which does not deter civic society organisations and individuals from criticising or monitoring corporate activities.
The research is expected to adopt a number of methodologies to address these questions:
- Examination of case-law and commentary to understand why companies were permitted to sue for defamation in the first place and how this law has developed.
- Examine the underlying theories of defamation/reputation (such as Howarth 2011).
- Use empirical data collection relying upon a series of event studies of alleged libels of companies (such as Vick and Campbell 2001)) to assess the long-term economic and reputational interests upon companies, comparing these with event studies of corporations whose corporate misconduct have been proven.
- Undertake a comparative study with countries which have amended their libel laws to introduce SLAPP suits and prohibit corporations from suing to see if this has any impact upon the reporting of corporate malpractice.
- Review the adequacy of alternative mechanisms of protecting corporate reputation including other legal actions like malicious falsehood and methods employed by reputation management companies.
Enquiries relating to the topic should be directed to: Dr. Damian Carney ([email protected]). This full-time studentship is open to Home/EU students and is located in Portsmouth Business School. Potential applicants are advised to examine our Research Degree Pages at
The studentship will cover tuition fees and an annual grant equivalent to that offered by the ESRC – set at Â£13,720 per annum for 2013/14 for a maximum of three years. UK/EU residence eligibility conditions apply.
How to apply
Applicants will have a good first degree (minimum 2.1 or equivalent) and ideally a Masters (or equivalent) in a relevant subject area.
Applications should include:
- a full CV including personal details, qualifications, educational history and, where applicable, any employment or other experience relevant to the application
- contact details for TWO referees able to comment on your academic performance
- a statement of 1,000 (words) outlining your proposed project, identifying the objectives of the research and discussing how the work will build on or challenge existing research in the above field.
Interviews will be conducted on Thursday 23 May 2013.
Applications should be sent to: Damian Carney, Postgraduate Centre, University of Portsmouth, Richmond Building, Portland Street, Portsmouth, PO1 3DE (applications can be submitted electronically via: [email protected] and cc to [email protected]).